Monday, August 3, 2020

What on Earth is the Doughnut?


Humanity’s 21st century challenge is to meet the needs of all within the means of the planet. In other words, to ensure that no one falls short on life’s essentials (from food and housing to healthcare and political voice), while ensuring that collectively we do not overshoot our pressure on Earth’s life-supporting systems, on which we fundamentally depend – such as a stable climate, fertile soils, and a protective ozone layer. The Doughnut of social and planetary boundaries is a playfully serious approach to framing that challenge, and it acts as a compass for human progress this century.


The Doughnut of social and planetary boundaries (2017)

The environmental ceiling consists of nine planetary boundaries, as set out by Rockstrom et al, beyond which lie unacceptable environmental degradation and potential tipping points in Earth systems. The twelve dimensions of the social foundation are derived from internationally agreed minimum social standards, as identified by the world’s governments in the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015. Between social and planetary boundaries lies an environmentally safe and socially just space in which humanity can thrive.

Here’s a one-minute introduction to the Doughnut, by the brilliant animator Jonny Lawrence.

And here’s a commentary published in The Lancet Planetary Health, May 2017.

Since the first iteration of the Doughnut was published as a discussion paper by Oxfam in 2012, it has had traction in very diverse places – from the UN General Assembly and the Global Green Growth Forum, to Occupy London.  Why such interest? I think it is because the doughnut is based on the powerful framework of planetary boundaries but adds to it the demands of social justice – and so brings social and environmental concerns together in one single image and approach. It also sets a vision for an equitable and sustainable future, but is silent on the possible pathways for getting there, and so the doughnut acts as a convening space for debating alternative pathways forward.

Commentaries on the first doughnut of 2012

George Monbiot in The Guardian argues that the doughnut highlights the importance of addressing environmental sustainability and social justice together.

Grist writer David Roberts sees the doughnut as a new way to think about economic growth (and wants the T shirt).

Tony Juniper argues that the doughnut helps to forge a way beyond contemporary capitalism.

Will Steffen and Mark Stafford Smith, two leading Earth scientists, reflect on how the doughnut can help to generate a set of Sustainable Development Goals.

Eduardo Gudynas, a Latin American environmentalist, asks whether the doughnut is too Western.

Wolff Olins, the brand consultants, challenge companies to ask themselves, “Is our brand a doughnut?”

Presentations and articles.

I have written about and presented the doughnut and its implications to a wide range of audiences, in the context of many different debates. Some of these include:

Nature Climate Change interview on the implications of the doughnut

Centre for Humans and Nature article on what Doughnut Economics implies for economic growth

State of the World 2013 chapter on planetary and social boundaries as a 21st century compass

Guardian blog presenting the doughnut in the context of the UN’s Rio+20 conference

Guardian podcast on planetary and social boundaries with Johan Rockstrom, Kate Raworth and Gail Whiteman of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development.

Evolving doughnut ideas

My research is focused on exploring what planetary and social boundaries imply for rethinking the concept of economic development. Is it growth or post-growth? How should we measure economic progress? How should we rewrite the economics textbooks so they are fit for tackling 21st century challenges? Join the Doughnut Economics discussion forum and subscribe to my blog at www.doughnuteconomics.org.


Sumber :
https://www.kateraworth.com/doughnut/

Sunday, August 2, 2020

Circular Economy


Indonesia memiliki segudang permasalahan lingkungan yang terus-menerus menghantui pembangunan kita, salah satunya soal sampah. Model linear economy yang bersifat take – make – dispose yang kita anut sejak beberapa dekade terakhir telah menampakkan konsekuensi yang tidak menyenangkan saat ini. Beberapa tahun terakhir, para peneliti lingkungan dan ekonomi memandang konsep ini sudah tidak sesuai dan harus mulai ditinggalkan serta beralih ke konsep lain.

Pada 2017, the British Standards Institution (BSI) meluncurkan framework Circular Economy yang pertama yaitu BS 8001:2017 yang digunakan oleh berbagai organisasi. Selanjutnya pada 2018, World Economic Forum, World Resources Institute dan  lebih dari 40 partner meluncurkan Platform for Accelerating the Circular Economy (PACE). 3 Fokus utamanya yaitu mengembangkan model keuangan campuran untuk proyek-proyek circular economy, terutama di negara-negara berkembang; menciptakan kerangka kerja serta kebijakan untuk mengatasi hambatan spesifik untuk memajukan circular economy; dan mempromosikan kemitraan publik dan swasta untuk tujuan ini.

Indonesia sendiri telah menerapkan prinsip circular economy, ditandai dengan telah diselenggarakannya Indonesia Circular Economy Forum yang ketiga kalinya pada November 2019 di Jakarta.  Keberhasilan penerapan konsep circular economy dapat membantu pembuatan produk dan layanan menggunakan inovasi yang membantu memaksimalkan efisiensi penggunaan sumber daya.  Hal ini secara efektif diharapkan akan meningkatkan daya saing, yang dapat membawa peluang pertumbuhan di tingkat global, senilai USD 4,5 triliun pada tahun 2030 (sumber: CEO Guide to the Circular Economy, WBCSD).

Selain itu, circular economy juga dapat membantu mengurangi emisi karbon, yang akan meningkatkan kondisi kehidupan di seluruh dunia dan mewujudkan Kesepakatan Paris serta Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan PBB. Dalam circular economy, tidak ada lagi sampah. Perbedaan utama linear economy dengan circular economy dapat dilihat pada diagram di atas.

Toronto, bermitra dengan Enbridge Gas Inc, merupakan salah satu kota yang berhasil menerapkan konsep circular economy dan mendukung program kota Toronto yaitu Long Term Waste Management Strategy, dengan mengubah sampah organik bekas makanan menjadi renewable natural gas (RNG) dan menggunakannya untuk kendaraan truk. Dilansir CBC News, dengan inovasinya dalam proyek RNG, kota ini dikenal secara internasional dan mendapatkan “Energy Vision Leadership Award”.

Inovasi apa yang akan dilakukan Indonesia?


Sumber :
https://www.pertamina.com/id/news-room/market-insight/circular-economy

Saturday, August 1, 2020

WHAT IS CIRCULAR ECONOMY?

Circular economy is presented as a system of resources utilization where reduction, reuse and recycling of elements prevails

Manufacture, use and disposal? No, reduce, reuse and recycle. The current paradigm of lineal economic model could be coming to an end and its place will be taken by the circular economy.


Reusing elements would be a relief for nature

The current model of production and management of resources, goods and services that seeks to promote short-term consumption is leading the planet to an unsustainable situtation. The nowadays economic system is the opposite of the life cycle of nature and collides with sustainable development, focused on the long term. In nature there is no waste or landfill: all elements play a role continuously and are reused in different stages.


What is the circular economy?

Taking as an example the cyclical nature pattern, circular economy is presented as a system of resources utilization where reduction, reuse and recycling of elements prevails: minimize production to a bare minimum, and when it's necessary to use the product, go for the reuse of the elements that can not return to the environment.

That is, the circular economy promotes the use of as many biodegradable materials as possible in the manufacture of products -biological nutrients- so they can get back to nature without causing environmental damage at the end of their useful life. When it is not possible to use eco-friendly materials -technical nutrients: electronics, hardware, batteries... - the aim is to facilitate a simple uncoupling to give them a new life by reintroducing them into the production cycle and compose a new piece. When this is not possible, it will be recycled in a respectful way with the environment.


Good for users... and businesses

The circular economy: what is it?

Unlike other economic models where the economic aspect prevails over the social or environmental, circular economy is a substantial improvement common to both businesses and consumers. Companies that have implemented this system are proving that reusing resources is much more cost effective than creating them from scratch. As a result, production prices are reduced, so that the sale price is also lowered, thereby benefiting the consumer; not only economically, but also in social and environmental aspects.


Circular economy principles
There are ten principles that define how circular economy should work:


Waste becomes a resource: is the main feature. All the biodegradable material returns to the nature and the not biodegradable is reused.

Second use: reintroduce in the economic circuit those products that no longer correspond to the initial consumers needs.

Reuse: reuse certain products or parts of those products that still work to elaborate new artifacts.

Reparation: find damage products a second life.

Recycle: make use of materials founded in waste.

Valorization: harness energy from waste that can’t be recycled.

Functionality economy: circular economy aims to eliminate the sale of products in many cases to establish a system of rental property. When the product completes its main function returns to the company, where it is dismantled for reusing the valid parts.

Energy from renewable sources: elimination of fossil fuels to produce the product, reuse and recycle.

Eco-design: considers and integrates in its conception the environmental impacts throughout the life cycle of a product.

Industrial and territorial ecology: establishment of an industrial organizational method in a territory characterized by an optimized management of stocks and flows of materials, energy and services.
Do you think that the circular economy principles will change the current economic, social and environmental model? Join our poll and share yur opinion.


Sumber :
https://www.activesustainability.com/sustainable-development/what-is-circular-economy/

Wednesday, July 29, 2020

Mountrash, Startup Pengelolaan Sampah

Daur Ulang Sampah, Meraup Penghasilan di Masa Pandemi Covid-19


Mountrash, aplikasi usaha rintisan (startapp) pengelolaan sampah memberikan solusi kepada semua orang untuk tetap mendapatkan penghasilan di tengah lesunya aktivitas perekonomian akibat pandemi Covid-19.

Mountrash merupakan besutan PT Mountrash Avatar Indonesia. Aplikasi Mountrash yang dapat diunduh pengguna sejak Oktober 2019 itu terus dibenahi dan diperbarui untuk memudahkan pengguna atau user.

Chief Executive Officer Mountrash Gideon Widjaja Ketaren mengatakan wabah Corona of Disease 2019 (Covid-19) telah menurunkan aktivitas perekonomian, bahkan tidak sedikit karyawan yang dirumahkan atau mengalami pemutusan hubungan kerja (PHK).

"Masyarakat dapat mengunduh aplikasi Mountrash terlebih dulu di Playstore. Kemudian mengumpulkan sampah dan rongsokan di rumahnya, seperti botol plastik, dan kardus. Lalu melalui aplikasi itu, sampah dijual dan dapat dikonversikan menjadi nilai uang sejumlah tertentu sesuai dengan jenis dan banyaknya sampah," katanya, Senin (11/5/2020).

Para pekerja korban PHK dan mereka yang ingin mendaftar Kartu Prakerja pun bisa menukarkan sampah dengan kuota internet melalui aplikasi Mountrash sehingga bisa memperlancar aktivitas pendaftaran Kartu Prakerja.

"Jadi kami secara tidak langsung mendukung solusi mengatasi krisis ekonomi akibat pandemi Covid-19. Mountrash menjadi bagian dari solusi untuk mengatasi berbagai persoalan, termasuk bersinergi dengan Kartu Prakerja dan manajemen pengeloaan sampah secara digital,” ujar lulusan Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB) ini.

Menurutnya, aktivitas bekerja dari rumah (work from home/WFH) di DKI Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, dan Bekasi (Jabodetabek) telah meningkatkan volume sampah rumah tangga. Peningkatan sampah rumah tangga itu, kata dia, dapat menjadi peluang menambah penghasilan melalui aplikasi Mountrash.

Gideon menjelaskan semua jenis sampah, seperti plastik, kardus, kertas, besi, dan kaca yang dapat didaur ulang dapat dikonversikan menjadi uang melalui Mountrash.

Pengguna internet hanya perlu membuka Playstore, kemudian memasukkan nomor telepon seluler, memilih fitur jual (dengan memasukkan item barang yang dijual, misal sampah plastik dan kardus). Selanjutnya, pilih sent data tersebut sampai muncul barcode dan screenshot barcode untuk dikirim melalui nomor WhatsApp Mountras 082210108789. Selanjutnya, Mountras akan melakukan penjemputan sampah tersebut.

"Setelah dijemput dan barcode di-scan petugas kami, maka saldo Anda bertambah dan bisa lanjut isi kuota untuk mendaftar Kartu Prakerja, Zooming buat meeting, belajar, WFH, atau aktivitas lainnya," ujarnya.

Selain dapat menambah penghasilan semua orang di tengah kondisi perlambatan ekonomi saat ini, setiap rumah tangga juga dapat berpartisipasi mengurangi sampah plastik. "Sudah menambah penghasilan, mereka juga bisa berpartisipasi dalam mengurangi sampah plastik," ujarnya.

Berdasarkan data Asosiasi Industri Olefin, Aromatik & Plastik Indonesia (Inaplas), volume sampah plastik di Indonesia pada 2017 sebanyak 5,76 juta ton. Sampah plastik itu terdiri atas daur ulang 1,66 juta ton, impor 1,79 juta ton, dan produksi dalam negeri 2,31 juta ton. Adapun konsumsi plastik terus meningkat dengan proyeksi pada 2030 menjadi 11,07 juta ton dari 2017 sebanyak 5,76 juta ton.

Waki Ketua Umum Asosiasi Daur Ulang Sampah Plastik Indonesia (ADUPI) Justin Wiganda menjelaskan selama pembatasan sosial berskala besar (PSBB) di beberapa wilayah, terjadi perubahan jumlah dan lokasi sampah plastik.

"Bekerja dari rumah, selain itu perkantoran, ritel, mal, restoran, toko-toko banyak tidak beroperasi sehingga terjadi pergeseran sampah. Selain itu, bahan baku daur ulang berubah secara volume, kualitas, dan lokasi," katanya.

Dia berharap agar kondisi berangsur normal setelah Lebaran sehingga industri daur ulang bisa beraktivitas kembali secara normal.

Sepudin Zuhri, pemilik Alala Recycling--pengolahan sampah plastik jenis polyethylene terephtalate (PET) di Kabupaten Bogor, mengungkapkan terjadinya pergeseran lokasi sampah selama pandemi Covid-19 karena perubahan aktivitas, yaitu tetap tinggal di rumah atau bekerja dari rumah.

"Saat kondisi normal, sampah plastik banyak berasal dari perkantoran, mal, restoran, hotel, dan lainnya. Namun, sekarang banyak perkantoran yang tutup karena bekerja dari rumah sehingga sampah plastik justru banyak berasal dari rumah tangga," ujarnya.

Menurutnya, kondisi saat ini bisa menjadi momentum untuk edukasi memilah sampah dari rumah tangga sehingga memudahkan proses daur ulang. "Jika sampah sudah dipilah dari rumah tangga, biaya daur ulang lebih efisien karena sampah plastik tidak tercampur dengan jenis sampah lain sehingga lebih bersih."

Selain memilah, setiap rumah tangga dapat menjual sampah plastik melalui aplikasi digital seperti Mountrash sehingga menambah pemasukan keluarga di tengah kondisi perlambatan ekonomi saat ini.

Sepudin mengakui pandemi Covid-19 telah memukul industri daur ulang karena permintaan baik bahan baku maupun produk daur ulang terjadi penurunan. Namun, dia meyakini bahwa kondisi ini akan segera berakhir dan normal kembali.


Sumber :
https://ekonomi.bisnis.com/read/20200511/257/1238656/daur-ulang-sampah-meraup-penghasilan-di-masa-pandemi-covid-19

Tuesday, July 28, 2020

Opinion Day Volume #01

Artikel Memulai Pagi dengan Berbagi Manfaat ini merupakan Opinion Day #01 yang ditulis tepat 1 tahun yang lalu, yaitu pada tanggal 29 Juli 2019, sebagai tanda dimulainya budaya Literasi, yang tidak hanya membaca namun juga menulis di kalangan anggota IPOMS Surabaya.

Dan sekarang tanggal 29 Juli 2020 sudah terkumpul sebanyak 53 artikel yang tertera di web ipomssurabaya.com.


Saat ini kumpulan tulisan artikel Opinion Day tersebut sedang dirangkum menjadi sebuah buku.

Nantikan info selanjutnya untuk pemesanan buku Opinion Day Volume #1

Monday, July 27, 2020

3 Companies with Unique Circular Economy Projects

The circular economy is all about generating zero waste while keeping our valuable limited resources within the economy for as long as possible. While that sounds like a lot of technical work that involves complicated blueprints and diagrams, there are actually many unique and creative ways that a company can contribute to the circular economy. Here are three of these unique circular economy projects.

Children wait in line to trade their plastic bottles for a bus ticket in Surabaya, Indonesia. 
Source: Reuters

Suroboyo Bus Line: Turning plastic into currency
‘That’ll be five plastic bottles, please.’

Surabaya, Indonesia’s second-largest city, has taken an original approach to tackling their plastic pollution problem. Their solution: you can now pay your bus fare in plastic bottles.

A two-hour bus ride will cost you approximately five plastic bottles, or ten plastic cups. Starting in April, this initiative is an attempt to reach the city’s goal of being plastic waste free by 2020. As Indonesia is estimated to be the second largest contributor to ocean plastic, and as Surabaya generates 155,400 tonnes of plastic waste per day, this is no doubt an ambitious target.

Nonetheless, these steps are sure to help. By giving people an incentive to collect their plastic waste, the city can simultaneously teach their citizens responsible waste management and ensure that their plastics are routed out of the oceans and back into the economy.

The bottles that are collected as payment for the bus fares are auctioned off to recycling companies, where they will be processed and turned into new plastic products. Furthermore, after helping towards the bus line’s operating costs, the surplus money earned at the auction is put towards funding of green spaces around the city. A creative three-in-one, this program keeps the city green and clean, keeps the plastics out of the ocean and within the economy.


DGTL Festival: Turning glasses into art
DGTL Festival is an artsy techno music festival in Amsterdam whose mission is to become the world’s first circular festival. They are working towards this goal in various ways, like their Circular Foodcourt, where they base their menu not around what festival goers want to eat but around what leftover ingredients are available from local stores.

This year, they are taking this circularity to their art scene. Together with Ace & Tate, an eyewear company, the two circular-driven organizations are turning 15,000 surplus optics lenses into a magnificent art installation that will be on display at the festival from the 19th to the 21st of April.

‘Instead of a take-make-waste process, we try to make it circular and make new products out of waste streams,’ says Marlot Kiveron, Sustainability Manager of Ace & Tate. Rather than disposing of these 15,000 unwanted lenses, why not use them to give the festival a little bling?


Timberland: Turning tires into shoes
‘When the tread wears out the tire lives on, recycled into Timberland shoes.’

Timberland, creator of the world-famous ‘Timbs’ boots, has recently expanded into the tire market. The purpose: making their boots circular.

Partnering with Omni United, a tire manufacturer, they are set to produce their new line of Timberland Tires, which are specifically created with the intention that they will one day be recycled into a brand new pair of Timberland shoes.

Once the tread on the Timberland Tires has worn out, the customer can replace them with new ones at authorized dealers. The retired tires are then recycled into crumb rubber, which is turned into outsoles for a pair of Timberland boots.

Timberland is penetrating the circular economy at an earlier stage than most, by producing tires that are specifically destined to re-enter the economy at their end-of-life. Instead of finding themselves in a landfill, which is where 27 million scrap tires end up, Timberland Tires are given a new life in the form of a pair of trendy Timberland boots.


Sumber :
https://community.materialtrader.com/3-companies-with-unique-circular-economy-projects/

Sunday, July 26, 2020

SSG#38 - Circular Economy bagian 2


Circular Economy adalah sistem ekonomi yang bertujuan menghilangkan limbah dan penggunaan sumber daya secara berkelanjutan. Sistem sirkular menggunakan penggunaan kembali, pembagian, perbaikan, perbaikan, remanufakturing, dan daur ulang untuk membuat sistem loop tertutup, meminimalkan penggunaan input sumber daya dan penciptaan limbah, polusi, dan emisi karbon.

Setelah SSG#37 yang membahas mengenai Introduction of Circular Economy, kali ini SSG#38 melanjutkan dengan tema Circular Economy sebagai Sebuah Model Ekonomi Masa Depan.

Acara ini akan diadakan pada hari Sabtu, 08-08-2020, jam 14.00 – 16.00
via Zoom (free)

Bagi yang akan mendaftar silahkan isi di https://bit.ly/daftarCE2

Atau hubungi
Taufan Yanuar – 0812 3666 9624
Cak Amik – 0812 3141 1833

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